On October 25 2017, the Law of Secured Transactions (Law 936) came into force with the purpose of stimulating access to credit for individual traders, small and medium enterprises, and other institutions that due to the nature of their assets were not subject to financing at competitive interest rates.
According to the Economy and Growth Prospects 2017 report published by the Central Bank of Nicaragua (BCN), the results of Nicaraguan macroeconomic development remain among the best in the region.
Rodrigo Taboada Ana Carolina Álvarez On October 6 2016, the Nicaraguan Congress approved the Ley de Garantías Mobiliarias (the Law of Security on Movable Assets). This has been described as a legal instrument that will, among providing other benefits, enable small producers, and micro- and medium-sized companies to access bank credit and micro finance institutions using their own assets as security. This will be done through the subscription of a written agreement between the grantor and the creditor that may be in a public, private or electronic document.
The Central Bank of Nicaragua, in its capacity as the regulator of the country’s payment systems, has authorised the first automated clearing house manager in Nicaragua
Rodrigo Taboada Over recent years, the Nicaraguan financial system has progressively grown and strengthened. According to recent studies of the Nicaraguan Foundation for Economic and Social Development (FUNIDES) the financial sector growth rate is second only to the construction sector among the economic sectors that are included within the monthly economic activity index.
Nicaraguan Congress recently approved law 899, the Investment Companies Law, which was published in the official Gazette 76 (April 27 2015)
Rodrigo Taboada On March 26 2014, the President of Nicaragua approved Decree 17-2014, which was published in the Gazette, official newspaper of the Republic of Nicaragua on March 31 2014. The Decree establishes the application of measures for the freezing of funds or assets related to terrorism and the financing of it, in accordance with resolutions issued by the United Nations Security Council that specifically address and regulate such matters. The scope of the Decree covers all individuals and legal entities, both private and public, which might be suspected to be involved directly or indirectly in activities related to funds or assets used to finance terrorism. The Democratic Security National System (DSNS) receives a list formulated by the United Nations Security Council, which contains the names of persons, natural and legal, that are associated with terrorist activities and financing of terrorism. The DSNS also receives information from other international and local entities. After processing the information, the DSNS designates the persons whose funds or assets are considered to be susceptible to being frozen, then sends this list to all local entities so that they may: (i) detect in their own database funds or assets related to the persons that appear on the list; (ii) freeze all funds or assets detected; and (iii) inform in a strictly confidential manner to the Financial Intelligence Analysis Unit the enforcement of such measures.
Rodrigo Taboada On September 20 2013, the Superintendence of Banks of Nicaragua approved the Regulation for the Transparency of Financial Operations. The Regulation aims to promote the disclosure of accurate financial terms to users of financial services, allowing them to make a knowledgeable choice between financial alternatives and financial institutions. This also includes insurance services and insurance companies.
Ever since the Republic of Nicaragua became a member of the Financial Action Task Force of Latin America (GAFILAT), Nicaragua has experienced a gradual, yet impactful, overhaul in its provisions regarding prevention, detection and criminalisation of activities involving money laundering and financing of terrorism.