|Bertha Xiomara Ortega|
In the judicial field, the National Labor Court of Appeals was established in 2011 and has national jurisdiction to hear as the second and final instance all the individual and collective disputes of legal matters which arise from the employment relationship between employers and workers. The National Labor Court of Appeals was established to provide legal certainty to employers and workers; it is a specialised labour court that will unify the jurisprudence on this matter. Before its creation, labour jurisprudence was divided into different courts of the country; the authorities in charge of labour decisions were the civil courts of appeals of various jurisdictions.
In this line of modernisation, in November 2012 a new Code of Labor and Social Security was approved. It will transform the labour written process into an eminently oral process, with a single hearing for the presentation of the evidence offered by the parties. This oral process will reduce the time of the trial, which can now take two or three years, to six months, saving time and resources for the authorities, workers and employers involved.
Bertha Xiomara Ortega